My Google Scholar Profile can be found here.


Camerlenghi, E., McQueen, A., Delhey, K., Cook, C.N., Kingma, S., Farine, D., Peters, A. (2022) Cooperative breeding and the emergence of multilevel societies in birds. Ecology Letters, 25: 766-777. Pdf.

Dias, A.M.S., Cook, C.N., Lima Massara, R., Pereira Paglia, A. (2022) Are Environmental Impact Assessments effectively addressing the biodiversity issues in Brazil? Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 95: 106801106801. Pdf

Hilton, M., Walsh, J.C., Liddell, E., Cook, C.N. (2022) Lessons from other disciplines for setting thresholds for conservation management. Conservation Biology, 36 e13865. Pdf

Potgieter, L.J., Aronson, M.F.J., Brandt, A.J., Cook, C.N., Gaertner, M., Mandrak, N.E., Richardson, D.M., Shrestha, N., Cadotte, M.W. (2022) Prioritization and thresholds for managing biological invasions in urban ecosystems. Urban Ecosystems, 25: 253-271. Pdf

Groce, J.E. & Cook, C.N. (2022) Maintaining landholder satisfaction and management of private protected areas established under conservation agreements. Journal of Environmental Management, 305: 114355


Rowland, J.A., Bracey, C., Moore, J.L., Cook, C.N., Bragge, P., Walsh, J.C. (2021) Effectiveness of conservation interventions globally for degraded peatlands in cool-climate regions. Biological Conservation, 263: 109327

Cook, C.N., Beever, E.A. Thurman, L.L., Thompson, L.M., Gross, J.E., Whiteley, A.R., Nicotra, A.B., Szymanski, J.A., Botero, C.A., Hall, K.R., Hoffmann, A.A., Schuurman, G.W., Sgrò, C.M. (in press) Supporting the adaptive capacity of species through more effective knowledge exchange with conservation practitioners. Evolutionary Applications, 14: 1969-1979. Pdf

Salafsky, N., Boshoven, J., Cook, C.N., Lee, A., Margoluis, R., Marvin, A., Schwartz, M.W., Stem, C. (2021) Generic Theories of Change for Conservation Strategies: A New Series Supporting Evidence-Based Conservation Practice. Conservation Science & Practice, 3: e400. Pdf

Liddell, E., Sunnucks, P., Cook, C.N. (2021) To mix or not to mix gene pools for threatened species management? Few studies use genetic data to examine the risks of both actions, but failing to do so leads disproportionately to recommendations for separate management. Biological Conservation, 256: 109072. Pdf

Albrecht, R., Cook, C.N., Andrews, O., Roberts, K.E., Taylor, M.F.J., Mascia, M.B., Golden Kroner, R. E. (2021) Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) in marine protected areas. Marine Policy, 129: 104437. Pdf

Pienkowski, T., Cook, C.N., Verma, M., Carrasco L.R. (2021) Conservation cost-effectiveness: a review of the evidence base. Conservation Science & Practice, 3: e357. Pdf

Roberts, K.E., Cook, C.N., Beher, J., Treml, E.A. (2021) Assessing the current state of ecological connectivity in a large marine protected area system. Conservation Biology, 35: 699-710 Pdf

Downey, H., Amano, T., Cadotte, M., Cook, C.N., Steven J. Cooke, S.J., Haddaway, N.R., Jones, J.P.G., Littlewood, N., Walsh, J.C., Abrahams, M.I. et al. Sutherland, W.J. (2020) Training future generations to deliver evidence-based conservation and ecosystem management. Ecological Solutions & Evidence, 2: e12032  Pdf


Ivanova, I. and Cook, C.N. (2020) The role of privately protected areas in achieving biodiversity representation within a national protected area network. Conservation Science and Practice, 2: e255. Pdf

Schwartz, M.W., Glickman, J. A., Cook, C.N. (2020) The COVID ‐19 pandemic: A learnable moment for conservation. Conservation Science & Practice, 2: e255.  Pdf

Rog, S.M., Clarke, R.H., Minnema, E., Cook, C.N. (2020) Tackling the tide: A rapid assessment protocol to detect terrestrial vertebrates in mangrove forests. Biodiversity and Conservation, 29: 2839-2860. Pdf

Roberts, K.E., Hill, O., Cook, C.N. (2020) Evaluating perceptions of marine protection in Australia: Does policy match public expectation? Marine Policy. 112: 103766 Pdf

Liddell ,E., Cook, C.N., Sunnucks, P. (2020) Evaluating the use of risk-assessment frameworks in the identification of population units for biodiversity conservation. Wildlife Research. 47, 208–216. Pdf


Roux, D.J., Cook, C.N., Curruthers, J., Dickson, K., Hockings, M., Kingsford, R.T. (2019) The case for embedding researchers in conservation agencies. Conservation Biology. 33: 1266:1274. Pdf

Qin, S. Golden Kroner, R.E., Cook, C.N., Tesfaw. A.T., Braybrook, R., Manuel Rodriguez, C., Poelking, C., Mascia, M.B. (in press) Legal Changes Threaten Iconic Protected Areas. Conservation Biology. 33: 1275-1285.  Pdf

Knight, A.T., Cook, C.N., Redford, K.H., Biggs, D., Romero, C., Ortega-Argueta, A., Norman, C.D., Parsons, B., Reynolds, M., Eoyang, G., Keene, M. (2019) Improving conservation practice with principles and tools from systems thinking and evaluation. Sustainability Science, 14: 1531-1548. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Valkan, R.S., McGeoch, M.A. (2019) Beyond total area protected: A new set of metrics to measure progress in building a robust protected area estate. Global Environmental Change, 58: 101963. Pdf

Cook, C.N., & Sgrò, C.M. (2019) Do conservation practitioners have an implicit understanding of how to manage evolutionary processes? Conservation Biology, 33: 993-1001. Pdf.

Cook, C.N., & Sgrò, C.M. (2019) Poor understanding of evolutionary theory is a barrier to effective conservation management. Conservation Letters, 12: e12619. Pdf

Golden Kroner, R.E., Qin, S., Cook, C.N., Krithivasan, R., Pack, S.M. Bonilla, O.D., Cort-Kansinally, C.A., Coutinho, B., Feng, M., Martínez Garcia, M.I., He, Y., Kennedy, C., Lebreton, C., Ledezma, J.C., Lovejoy, T.E., Luther, D.L., Parmanand, Y., Ruíz-Agudelo, C.A., Yerena, E., Morón Zambrano, V., Mascia, M.A. (2019) The uncertain future of protected lands and waters. Science, 364: 881-886. Pdf

Clements, H.S., Kerley, G.I.H., Cumming, G.S., De Vos, A., Cook, C.N. (2019) Privately protected areas provide key opportunities for the regional persistence of large- and medium-sized mammals. Journal of Applied Ecology, 56: 537-546. Pdf

Roberts, K.E., Duffy, G.S., Cook, C.N. (2019) Bio-physical models of marine environments reveal biases in the representation of protected areas. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29:400-510. Pdf

Schwartz, M.W., Belhabib, D., Biggs, D., Cook, C.N., Fitzsimons, J., Giordano, A.J., Glew, L., Gottlieb, S., Kattan, G., Knight, A.T., Lundquit, C.J., Lynam, A.J., Masuda, Y.J., Mwampamba, T.H., Nuno, A., Plumptre, A.J., Ray, J.C., Reddy, S.M., Runge, M.C. (2019) A vision for documenting and sharing knowledge in conservation. Conservation Science and Practice. 1.

Groce, J.E., Megan A. Farrelly, M.A., Jorgensen, B.S., Cook, C.N. (2019) Using social network research to inform natural resource management. Conservation Biology, 33: 53-65. Pdf


Iacona, G.D., Sutherland, W.J., Mappin, B., Adams, V., Armsworth, P.R., Coleshaw, T., Cook, C.N., Craigie, I., Dicks, L.V., Fitzsimons, J.A., McGowan, J., Plumtre, A., Polak, T., Pullin, A.S., Ringma, J.L., Rushworth, I., Santangeli, A., Stewart, A., Tullock, A., Walsh, J.C., Possingham, H.P. (2018) Standardized reporting on the costs of management interventions for biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology, 32: 979-988 Pdf

Clements, H.S., Kearney, S., Cook, C.N. (2018) Moving from representation to persistence: The capacity of Australia’s National Reserve System to support viable populations of mammals. Diversity and Distributions, 24: 1231-1241. Pdf

Cook, C.N. &  Sgrò, C.M. (2018) Understanding managers’ and scientists’ perspectives on opportunities to achieve more evolutionarily enlightened conservation management. Evolutionary Applications, 11: 1371-1388. Pdf

Schwartz, M.W., Cook, C.N., Pressey, R.L., Pullin, A.S., Runge, M.C., Sutherland, W.J., Williamson, M.A. (2018) Decision support frameworks and tools for conservation. Conservation Letters, 11: 1-12.  Pdf

Roberts, K.E., Valkan, R.S., Cook, C.N. (2018) Measuring progress in marine protection: A new set of metrics to evaluate the strength of marine protected area networks. Biological Conservation, 219: 20-27. Pdf

Biggs, D., Holden, M., Braczkowski, A., Cook, C.N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Phelps, J, ., Scholes, R.J., Smith, R.J., Underwood, F., Adams, V., Allan, J., Brink, H., Cooney, R., Gao, Y., Hutton, J., Macdonald-Madden, E., Maron, M., Redford, K., Sutherland, W.J., Possingham, H.P. (2018) Response to Sekar et al. & Lenda et al. Science, 360 (6386): 227-228.    Pdf        Also check out our piece on the ivory trade in The Conversation.

Dudley, N., Hockings, M., Stolton, S., Amend, T., Badola, R., Bianco, M., Chettri, N., Cook, C.N., Day, J.C>, Dearden, P., Edwards, M., Ferraro, P., Foden, W., Gambino, R., Gaston, K.J., Hayward, N., Hickey, V., Irving, J., Jeffries, B., Karapetyan, A., Kettunen, M., Laestadius, L., Laffoley, D., Lham, D., Lichtenstein, G., Makombo, J., Marshall, N., McGeoch, M.A., Nguyen, D., Nogué, S., Paxton, M., Rao, M., Reichelt, R., Rivas, J., Roux, D., Rutte., C., Schreckenberg, K., Sovinc, A., Sutyrina, S., Utomo, A., Vallauri, D., Vedeld, P.O., Verschuuren, B., Waithaka, J., Woodley, S., Wyborn, C., Zhang, Y. (2018) Priorities for protected area research. PARKS, 24: 35-50. Pdf.

de Bie, K., Addison, P.F.E., Cook, C.N. (2018) Integrating decision triggers into conservation management practice. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55: 494-502. Pdf         Featured in the Journal’s blog

Cook, C.N., Nichols, S.J., Webb, J.A., Fuller, R.A., Richards, R.M. (2018) Cutting through the complexity to aid evidence synthesis. A response to Haddaway and Dicks. Biological Conservation, 218: 291-292. Pdf


Biggs, D., Holden, M., Braczkowski, A., Cook, C.N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Phelps, J., Scholes, R.J., Smith, R.J., Underwood, F., Adams, V., Allan, J., Brink, H., Cooney, R., Gao, Y., Hutton, J., Macdonald-Madden, E., Maron, M., Redford, K., Sutherland, W.J., Possingham, H.P. (2017) Breaking the deadlock on ivory policy. Science, 358 (6369): 1378-1381. Pdf 

Cook, C.N., Valkan, R.S., Mascia, M.B., McGeoch, M.A. (2017) Quantifying the extent of Protected Area Downgrading, Downsizing and Degazettement in Australia. Conservation Biology, 31: 1039-1052. Pdf & Supplementary material

Cook, C.N., Nichols, S.J., Webb, J.A., Fuller, R.A., Richards, R.M. (2017) Simplifying the selection of evidence synthesis methods to inform environmental decisions: A guide for decision makers and scientists. Biological Conservation, 213: 135-145. Pdf & Supplementary material

Cook, C.N. &  Sgrò, C.M. (2017) Aligning science and policy to achieve evolutionarily enlightened conservation management. Conservation Biology, 31:501-512. Pdf

Rog, S.M. &  Cook, C.N. (2017) Strengthening governance for intertidal ecosystems requires a consistent definition of boundaries between land and sea. Journal of Environmental Management, 197: 694-705. Pdf

Addison, P.F.E, Flander, L. B., Cook, C.N. (2017) Towards quantitative condition assessment of biodiversity outcomes: Insights from Australian marine protected areas. Journal of Environmental Management, 198: 183-191. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Pullin, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Stewart, G.B., Carrasco, L.R. (2017) Considering cost alongside the effectiveness of management in evidence-based conservation: a systematic reporting protocol. Biological Conservation. 209: 508-516. Pdf, Supplementary Table S1_CostIt protocol, Supplementary Table S2 Application of reporting protocol

Rog, S.M., Clarke, R.H., Cook, C.N. (2017) More than marine: Revealing the critical importance of mangrove ecosystems for terrestrial vertebrates. Diversity and Distributions. 23: 221-230 Pdf

Giehl, E.L.H., Moretti, M., Walsh, J.C., Batalha. M., Cook, C.N. (2017) Scientific evidence and potential barriers in the management of Brazilian protected areas. PLoS One 12(1), e0169917. Pdf


Addison, P.F.E., Cook, C.N., de Bie, K. (2016) Conservation practitioners’ perspectives on decision triggers for evidence-based conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology 53, 1351–1357. Pdf

Cook, C.N., de Bie, K., Keith, D.A., Addison, P.F.E. (2016) Decision triggers are a critical part of evidence-based conservation. Biological Conservation, 195: 46-51. Pdf


Addison, P.F.E, Flander, L. B., Cook, C.N. (2015) Are we missing the boat? Current uses of long-term biological monitoring data in the evaluation and management of marine protected areas. Journal of Environmental Management, 149: 148-156. Pdf

Hockings, M., Leverington, F., Cook, C.N. (2015) Protected area management effectiveness. In Worboys, G., Lockwood, M., Kothari, A. (editors) The Protected Area Governance and Management. ANU Press, Canberra, ACT.


Cook, C.N., Wintle, B.A., Aldrich, S.C., Wintle, B.C. (2014) Using strategic foresight to assess conservation opportunity. Conservation Biology, 28(6): 1474-1483. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Inayatullah, S., Burgman, M.A., Sutherland, W.J., Wintle, B.A. (2014) Strategic foresight: How planning for the unpredictable can improve environmental decision-making. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29(9): 531-541. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Wardell-Johnson, G., Carter, R.W. and Hockings, M. (2014) How accurate is the local ecological knowledge of protected area practitioners? Ecology and Society, 19(2) article 32. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Carter, R.W. and Hockings, M. (2014) Measuring the accuracy of management effectiveness evaluations of protected areas. Journal of Environmental Management, 139: 164-171. Pdf


Cook, C.N., Possingham, H.P., Fuller, R.A. (2013) Contribution of systematic reviews to management decisions. Conservation Biology, 27(5):902-915.  Pdf

Cook, C.N., Mascia, M.A., Schwartz, M.W., Possingham, H.P., Fuller, R.A. (2013) Achieving conservation science that bridges the knowledge-action boundary. Conservation Biology, 27(4): 669-678.  Pdf

2012 and earlier

Cook, C.N., Carter, R.W., Fuller, R.A. and Hockings, M. (2012) Managers consider multiple lines of evidence important for biodiversity management decisions. Journal of Environmental Management, 13: 341-346. Pdf

Cook, C.N. and Hockings, M. (2011) Opportunities for improving the rigor of management effectiveness evaluations in protected areas. Conservation Letters, 4(5): 372-382. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Hockings, M., Carter, R.W. (Bill) (2010) Conservation in the dark? The information used to support management decisions. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8(4): 181-186. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Wardell-Johnson, G., Keatley, M., Gowans. S.A., Gibson, M.S., Westbrooke. M.E., Marshall, D.J. (2010) Is what you see what you get? Visual versus measured assessments of vegetation condition. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47(3): 650-661. Pdf

Cook, C.N., Morgan, D.G., Marshall, D.J. (2010) Re-evaluating suitable habitat for reintroductions: lessons learnt from the eastern barred bandicoot (Perameles gunnii) recovery program. Animal Conservation, 13(2): 184-195. Pdf

Bottrill, M.C., Joseph L.N., Carwardine, J., Bode, M., Cook, C.N., Game, E.T., Grantham, H., Kark, S., Linke, S., McDonald-Madden, E., Pressey, R.L., Walker, S., Wilson, K.A., Possingham, H.P. (2009) Inadequate conservation funding means triage is unavoidable. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24(4): 183-184. Pdf

Hockings, M., Cook, C.N., Carter, B. (R.W.), James, R. (2009) Accountability, reporting or management improvement? Development of a State of the Parks assessment system in New South Wales, Australia. Environmental Management, 43: 1013-1025. Pdf

Bottrill, M.C., Joseph L.N., Carwardine, J., Bode, M., Cook, C.N., Game, E.T., Grantham, H., Kark, S., Linke, S., McDonald-Madden, E., Pressey, R.L., Walker, S., Wilson, K.A., Possingham, H.P. (2008) Is conservation triage just smart decision making? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 23(12): 649-654. Pdf

van Klinken, R.D., Lukitsch, B, Cook, C.N. (2008) Interaction between seed dormancy-release mechanism, environment and seed bank strategy for a widely distributed perennial legume (Parkinsonia aculeata, Caesalpinaceae). Annals of Botany, 102: 255-264. Pdf

Marshall, D.J., Cook, C.N., Emlet, R.B. (2006) Offspring size effects mediate competitive interactions in a colonial marine invertebrate. Ecology, 87(1): 214-225.

Marshall, D.J., Semmens, D., Cook, C.N. (2004) Consequences of spawning at low tide: limited gamete dispersal for a rockpool anemone. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 266:135-142.

Other publications

Biggs, D., Cook, C. N., Holden, M., Redford, K. (2018) How to overcome fierce debates about banning all trade in ivory. The Conversation. 25th April 2018. Read it here.

Addison, P. F. E. and Cook, C. N. (2015)  Are we missing the boat? Using long-term monitoring data in managing marine protected areas. Decision Point, 87: 10-11.  Pdf

Cook, C. N., de Bie, K., Addison, P. F. E. (2014) Decision thresholds for management actions.  Decision Point, 81: 14. Pdf

Cook, C. N. (2014) The gap between conservation scientists and managers: Collaboration is the key to getting managers and decision-makers to better engage with conservation science. What are the problems and some possible solutions to make it happen? Australasian Science, 01 Mar 2014: 48

Cook, C.N., Possingham, H.P., and Fuller, R.A. (2013) Strategies to bridge the divide. Mechanisms that help scientists and decision makers work together. Decision Point, 73: 6-7. Pdf

Cook, C.N. (2013) Evidence and the conservation manager. What evidence does a manager need? Decision Point, 70: 10-11. Pdf

Cook, C.N. (2010) Validating management effectiveness evaluations of protected areas in Australia. PhD Thesis. School of Integrative Systems. University of Queensland

de Clerck-Floate, R.; Hinz, H.L.; Heard, T.; Julien, M.; Wardill, T.; Cook, C.N. (2008) Preliminary results of a survey on the role of arthropod rearing in classical weed biological control. Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, La Grande Motte, France, 22-27 April, 2007. CAB International, Wallingford UK, pp 528-534.

NSW Department of Environment and Conservation (2005) 2004 State of the Parks report. Department of Environment and Conservation, Sydney.

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